Environmental Condition Analysis of the Adjacent Area of Mawa Ferry Ghat, Munshiganj: Findings from a Field Study

Nirupam Deb

Natural hazard identification and environmental condition evaluation start with familiarizing with landscape features. Based on the observation and focus group discussion, this study begins with the goals of identifying potential natural hazards and studying environmental conditions to determine whether development initiatives are the driver of modification on the north bank of the Padma, adjacent to the Mawa ferry ghat in Munshiganj. Approximately 29%, 24%, 18%, 11%, 9%, 5%, and 4% of the observed phenomena are associated with infrastructure, river, waterbody, barren land, wetland, river embankment, and vegetation cover. Natural hazards such as riverbank erosion (34% of observations), flooding (26%), waterlogging (34%), and lightning (5%) have necessitated the implementation of mitigation strategies. In addition, 97% of observations indicate that environmental conditions have transformed due to improper solid waste and wastewater disposal, unsanitary toilets, poor drainage infrastructures, and significant construction activity. Even the concentration of dissolved oxygen in the water sample and the moisture content of the soil sample does not fulfill the standards. Several proposals were also developed to preserve ecosystems and mitigate potential environmental threats. Although a limited number of studies have been conducted in this area, it will establish the foundation for further studies and community development.

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